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The creation of Pakistan was unique in the sense that it was based on an ideology which sought its roots from the religion of Islam. The famous slogan (Pakistan ka Matlab kya La Ilaha-Illallah) becomes the core of the freedom movement and the basis of Pakistan.

The official Name of the country:
Islamic Republic of Pakistan (emerged on the world map as an independent state in 14 August 1947).

The founder of pakistan:

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
"The Great Leader"
was born in Karachi 25 December 1876 and
died in 11 September 1948.

National Poet:
Sir Muhammad Iqbal, also known as Allama DR. Muhammad Iqbal Iqbal was born in Sialkot on 9 November 1877 within the Punjab Province of British India (now in Pakistan)and  died in Lahore on 21 April 1938.

Languages in pakistan:
Urdu is the National Language of pakistan while English use as Official Language and the following are the regional laguages spoken in  pakistan.
1.    Panjabi
2.    Sindhi
3.    Balochi
4.    Kashmiri
5.    Brahui
6.    Shina
7.    Balti
8.    Khowar
9.    Burushaski

Pakistan has five major rivers these are
1.    The Indus: 2896 km
2.    Jhelum: 825 km
3.    Chenab: 1242 km
4.    Ravi: 901 km
5.    Sutlej: 1551 km

Famous Mountains Range:
•    The Hindukush,
•    The Himalaya,
•    The Karakoram
•    The Pamirs.
Capital of pakistan:
Islamabad is the capital of pakistan

Pakistan has four provinces.
1.    Baluchistan,
2.    KheberPukhton Khowa(KPK)
3.    Punjab
4.    Sindh.

Total area 881,888 Sq. km
•    Punjab: 205,344 Sq. Km
•    Sindh: 140,914 Sq. Km
•    Balochistan: 347,190 Sq. Km
•    Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK): 74,521 Sq. Km
•    Islamabad (Capital): 906 Sq. Km

The population of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is estimated to be about 180.44 million people (Pakistan Population 2013)
State Emblem:
•    Faith
•    Unity
•    Discipline

National Anthem:
Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri and tune by Ahmed G. Chagla

National Animal:
The markhor is the national animal of Pakistan that is found northern Pakistan (Gilgit-Baltistan)

National Flower:
The national flower of the country is Jasmine or Chambeli, which is called the national flower of Pakistan.

National Bird:
Chakor (Red-legged partridge)

Holidays in Pakistan

5Th February Youm-e-Yekjehty-e-Kashmir (Protest against Indian occupation of Jammu and Kashmir.)
23rd March Youm-e-Pakistan (Commemorates the Lahore Resolution, which formally demanded an independent Muslim-majority state to be created out of the British Indian Empire; the republic was also declared on this day in 1956)
1st May Youm-e-Mazdoor  
14th August Youm-e-Azadi (Marking Pakistani independence from the United Kingdom in 1947)
6th September Youm-e-Difa (Commemorates the official start of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965)
9th November Youm-e-Iqbal (Birthday of national poet Muhammad Iqbal)
25th December Youm-e-Viladat-e-Quaid-e-Azam (Birthday of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of Pakistan)
11 September Quaid-e-Azam ki Youm-e-Wafaat (Death Anniversary of Quaid-e-Azam)

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Address: Karasmathang Near Raja Petrol Pump, Skardu, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Tel: +92-5815-454325
E-mail: info@shipton-trekking.com, princeasko@yahoo.com


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